Tuesday, March 20, 2012

What happened to action movies?

Above: Part man, part machine -- all the trigger for a 2,000-word rant about action movies

This week is RoboCop week over at Unwinnable, and with their prompting I have spent the last day devoting far more mental energy to thinking about RoboCop than I have to things like work, the GOP primary, or my personal hygiene. Unlike Garrett Martin, who just saw the film for the first time, I have seen RoboCop many times. I quote it with some frequency.

(Favorite RoboCop quotes, in ascending order:

"They'll fix you. They fix everything."
"I'd buy that for a dollar!"
"I used to call the old man funny names. 'Iron Butt.' 'Boner.' One time, I even called him... 'Asshole.'"

These come in handy more often than you'd think -- as does a triumphant vocal rendition of the film's score. Duhduhduh DUH DUH, duh DUH duhduh!)

Yet every time I watch it, I realize that I've made the same mistake. Since my last viewing, I've always come to think of RoboCop as that mega-gory action movie, the one where Peter Weller's hand gets blown off in close-up, a giant robot shoots an innocent man full of bullet holes the size of baseballs, and a bad guy disintegrates after getting doused in toxic sludge and hit by a car. Don't get me wrong: that stuff is all there, and it is spectacular.

But what I tend to forget is how funny, smart, and savage RoboCop is. As a satire of the Reagan 80s, it is absolutely merciless. 25 years on, its barbs still sting. Abandoned by the government, Detroit has gone bankrupt, and even the police force is now controlled by a shady corporation in search of profits. Anything the firm can do to reduce expenses will enhance shareholder value. The logic is as unassailable as it is reprehensible: the biggest expense on OCP's balance sheet is the labor -- the cops themselves. And so when some poor sap finally volunteers for the RoboCop program, it's not by choice. It's because a gang led by the dad from That 70s Show has blasted most of the flesh off his body. Talk about cutting expenses!

From here, the narrative follows two intertwined threads. RoboCop, along with his partner, uncovers the criminal conspiracy that goes right to the top of OCP, while RoboCop himself searches for his identity, haunted by flickering memories of his old life. He knows he wasn't always a machine, programmed to follow orders; he just can't make sense of the signals he's getting from his vestigial brain. The threads come together in a potent final shot, when the grateful old man says to RoboCop: "That's nice shooting. What's your name, son?"

And RoboCop turns toward the camera, in closeup, and answers, almost defiantly: "Murphy."

(Duhduhduh DUH DUH, duh DUH duhduh!)

Above: So good, Paul Verhoeven even scooped John Woo on the two-guns thing

There you have it. A stunning meditation on laissez-faire capitalism run amok, man's search for identity, and robot policemen who can shoot the nuts off a rapist from 50 yards. Now, I understand that RoboCop was fairly well reviewed in its day, and rightly so, but in the passage of time it has come to be lumped in with a whole bunch of other films as just another 1980s action movie. This is wrong.

First, as I've already made clear, RoboCop is not just another 1980s action movie, as typified by Commando, probably the quintessential Arnold Schwarzenegger movie.

(Full disclosure: I love Commando. But loving something means accepting its flaws, and let's face it, Commando is pure camp. Before the climactic scene, Arnold emerges from the ocean in a Speedo, carrying about 300 pounds of gear, which he then uses to murder like a hundred dudes before a fight to the death against the doughiest, least threatening heavy in film history, who, of course, has a mustache. And Arnold's flexing the whole time. I bet the gay porn industry tried to make a Commando parody in 1985 and realized it was impossible.)

But to call RoboCop "one of the good ones" only advances a false narrative, which is that all, or most, action movies in the 1980s were mindless. It's not the case.

Consider this stunning fact: within a 16-month span, the following four movies were released theatrically:
  • Lethal Weapon (March 6, 1987)
  • Predator (June 12, 1987)
  • RoboCop (July 17, 1987)
  • Die Hard (July 15, 1988)
Not only is each one of those movies not your standard brainless macho fare (not even Predator -- we'll get to it), they're four of the best action movies ever made. Why? Because they've all got something more happening under the surface.

Lethal Weapon today is remembered as the movie that gave us "I'm gettin' too old for this shit," but it's actually a portrait of profoundly damaged men, each of whom copes in his own way with the scars of a violent past. RoboCop, as noted, is a bitter anti-Reagan satire. Die Hard, probably the most important action movie ever made, gave us the blueprint for the next 20 years of action cinema, although nothing else would ever match it.

Above: Badass upon badass, like an MC Escher painting stabbing itself with a Bowie knife

As for Predator, it is clearly the best movie ever made about a badass alien being who travels to earth in order to hunt badass humans, but what's subversive about it is the idea that being a badass isn't always enough. I mean, the Predator is the biggest badass in the galaxy. He tears through some of the biggest badasses on earth, like Jesse Ventura and Carl Weathers, and still he's not enough of a badass to overcome Arnold Schwarzenegger. So what does he do?

He suicide bombs himself!

Are you kidding me? All movie long, we're led to believe this thing has a strict code of honor. It won't even attack unarmed people. Then, the second something's not going its way, it takes its ball and goes home. Like I said: being a badass isn't always enough. This was not the accepted narrative of the Reagan 80s. Even today, right-wingers will tell you that the hostages were released from the American embassy because the Iranians plotzed themselves the second the Gipper was sworn in.

(We learned that being a badass isn't enough in a more depressing way with Predator 2, in which being Danny Glover was apparently enough to take down a Predator. Really? In the first movie, the most badass dudes in the world couldn't stop a Predator, and only Arnold was barely, barely badass enough to do it, and now we're saying Danny Glover's on that level? Give me a break. Besides which, Predator 2 is horribly racist. Don't watch it.)

Here's my question: what the hell happened?

How did we go from four of the best action movies ever made in less than a year and a half, to entire calendar years where nothing good comes out? How did we go from hardcore, R-rated films where people get their brains blown out in slow-motion while Bruce Willis calls them all motherfuckers, to PG-13 movies where doughy guys are probably fighting but it's too up-close and choppily edited to tell? How did we go from action movies that snuck hidden meanings into the mayhem, to movies that clumsily comment on topical issues without taking a firm stance in case it'd hurt overseas box office?

Action movies just aren't as good these days. Not American action movies, anyway. They're still getting it done in Asia.

Above: Indonesia, gettin' it done

Part of it is genre distinction. You could ask me: what about Iron Man, or The Dark Knight? And I would say, yes, those are excellent examples of big-budget blockbusters that are fun and smarter than they need to be. But they're not action movies. They're superhero movies.

I realize it's a fine line. Why is RoboCop an action movie, but Iron Man isn't? They're both about guys who use advanced technology to give themselves incredible powers that they use for good, and not evil. They both have evil corporate antagonists who appropriate different advanced technology for evil, and not good.

All I can say is this: a good superhero movie is about wish fulfillment. You watch it, and you think, "Boy, wouldn't it be cool if I could do what that character can do?" That's not the case with an action movie. An action movie is about a desperate character in a desperate situation. You watch a good action movie and think, "Boy, I'm glad I don't have to do what that character has to do!"

RoboCop, in other words, is not an enviable or aspirational character. He's a tragic figure. So is John McClane, the shoeless cop trapped in a high-rise with a dozen highly-trained terrorists. So are the badasses of Predator, lost deep in the jungle with the one thing in the galaxy scarier than they are. So is Martin Riggs, a man suffering so badly from PTSD that his greatest asset in the field is a total disregard for his own life. That things may turn out all right in the end for some of these characters is beside the point. They are driven to action not by choice, but by necessity.

Above: No one would want to be in John McClane's (lack of) shoes

Try to think of a recent American action movie that fits these criteria. Taken has achieved "no way am I changing the channel" status whenever it's on TV. It's exciting as hell, and Liam Neeson is almost badass enough to make you think he could face down a Predator, but it's also one of those PG-13 movies where the craziest stuff is almost brushed aside. (Awesome exception: when he shoots the French guy's wife to show he means business.) What Taken lacks, especially, is that deeper level. Its message about human trafficking is a good one, but it's all right there on the surface, and not especially daring or sly.

The Bourne movies are good, and tap into the post-9/11 distrust of a government with too much data and too few scruples, but the endless shaky-cam and PG-13 violence don't have the grandeur we used to expect. Michael Mann's underrated Miami Vice is another good one, but it's too faithful a police procedural to rank with the all-time greats. (Plus, Colin Farrell's mustache is so ridiculous that you expect John Matrix to show up and impale him with a pipe.) People seem to like Crank, but holy hell is it silly -- like, Commando-level silly. Also, I feel like I'm the only person who noticed that Jason Statham's character rapes his girlfriend in public in that movie.

We could go on for awhile.

Above: Smoking? Talk about your bad role models!

The fact is, we're in a drought of great action movies. There could be any number of reasons. Studios might have realized that PG-13 movies make more money. The global marketplace might have made it more risky to put subtext in your blockbuster, either because it wouldn't translate or because it could translate too well and offend somebody. We might have lost our national appetite for shirtless men screaming while firing M60 machine guns into banks of computers. I don't know what it is. I just know it's a goddamn tragedy.

You might ask: Isn't it possible that I only think so highly of these movies because they came out when I was young and impressionable, and watching VHS copies of them out of sight of my disapproving parents was the most thrilling thing I could imagine?

Yes. Completely. I'm willing to say there's greater than a 50% chance that this is the case. And if it is, then anything else I've said here is irrelevant. But just in case, let's press on.

See, Hollywood in the 1980s knew something that today's filmmakers have forgotten. They knew that you could lure people to the theater with the promise of titillation, and sucker-punch them with a story of real substance. They knew that action was about pulling the camera back and letting the viewer see where the antagonists were in relation to one another, and what they were doing, and why. They knew that someone could be part man, part machine, and all cop.

Like Officer Murphy, the action movie industry has forgotten the best part of itself. And like Officer Murphy, they can get it back. It'll take someone with vision, guts, and the guile to completely sneak it past the studio heads. It won't be easy, but I can promise you: those of us who were weaned on 1980s action movies will show up in force.

If not, maybe John McTiernan can just do a Kickstarter or something.


Sparky said...

It certainly doesn't hurt that the implicit social commentary of the four films you list is still relevant today. The GOP is obviously still privatization-mad. The polarization of wealth and incompetence of authority from Die Hard is abundantly discussed. That film and Predator have messages that connect with today's paranoia about terrorism. And with traumatized veterans returning from Afghanistan and Iraq, Lethal Weapon has a place, too.

Mitch Krpata said...

Detroit's recent resurgence thanks to major government intervention is especially salient. You could imagine Dick Jones writing an op-ed called "Let Detroit Go Bankrupt."

feitclub said...

Statham's Transporter films are fun to watch, but just as you point out with other recent pictures, there doesn't seem to be anything beneath the surface. They're simply slick-looking action and it feels like something is missing.

Mitch Krpata said...

I think that's the Luc Besson Effect. The scene in the first movie where Statham is shirtless and oiled up rivals anything from the 1980s in terms of pure homoeroticism, though.

baekgom84 said...

This is a really interesting post. I sort of basically agree with you, but at the same time I feel like maybe you're defining genre too finely, or maybe you're pining for something that was simply a product of its time, sort of like a classical music lover who will never see the likes of Beethoven or Mozart again.

I think one thing that's happened is that Hollywood is a lot better now at determining what its audiences want, at least from a financial point of view. Those who are simply in it for the adrenaline rush get to watch a Jason Statham movie, filled with elaborate but completely nonsensical action and stunts. On the other hand, those looking for something a little more cerebral are serviced by movies that are often more action/thriller than pure action: movies like Taken and Inception and the Bourne movies. They lack the gleeful ultra-violence of their 80's counterparts, and are instead a lot grittier and more humourless.

I definitely think that action movies, perhaps more than any other genre, reflect the psyche of the time in which they were authored. America is currently embroiled in a period of great uncertainty and internal division, and I think that comes through fairly strongly in recent Hollywood action films. Unfortunately, that might mean that clever 'dumb' action movies are consigned to being a relic of the past.

Anonymous said...

Don't forget Aliens, summer of 86. Still one of the great action movies, if more on the scifi side.

Mitch Krpata said...

baekgom84, no doubt about it: I'm defining most modern-day action movies right into another genre. What's especially interesting to me about the 1980s action movies, though, is that for every one that was legitimately an "America, fuck yeah!" movie (Rambo, Red Dawn), there was another that used it as cover for a different message (the ones in this post). I don't see anything like that in modern action movies.

Anonymous, agreed. In my increasingly tortured taxonomy, I'd say that Aliens doesn't count by virtue of being so heavily on the sci-fi side. But as with the superhero movie comparison, it's a narrow distinction.

D said...

One theory is that action movies were obsoleted by videogames, as film musicals were obsoleted by music videos over the course of the 80s.

Mitch Krpata said...

That's funny, I was thinking the same thing. I can think of a lot of recent games that lure you in with the promise of one thing and then deliver another (BioShock, the Darkness, Call of Duty 4, Far Cry 2).

Unknown said...

I feel compelled to give an honorable mention to The Running Man. It certainly falls in line chronologically (also released in '87, if you can believe it). It also starred the Latina actress from Predator (the only woman) AND Jesse Ventura, who all must have been incredibly busy that year. Plus, the Orwellian themes coursing throughout give you something more to chew on than a series of incredibly creative if not completely ridiculous death sequences. But honestly, the fact that a dude gets his head blown off in the first five minutes JUST FOR RUNNING is exactly the kind of action film I think you're speaking to.

You run, you die.
*Spoiler alert - Everyone runs. And everyone dies.

parish said...

Great post. I was just thinking about Robocop and Die Hard this morning -- specifically, how much more meaningful and convincing they were than the vast majority of films that came in their wake and imitated them. I would put Casino Royale out there as an example of a modern action movie done right, although it does drag on thanks to the post-genital-torture coda.

Unknown said...

No mention of Starship Troopers?

Anonymous said...

...or total recall

Mitch Krpata said...

Clearly this blog is pro-Verhoeven.

Four Hands said...

Kiss Kiss Bang Bang is the only movie in the last decade that reaches the height of the great action films.

Shane Black remains the king of action movies, and gives me some modicum of hope for the next Iron Man (even though it is a super hero movie).

Four Hands said...

What about Drive from last year? Great action. Great metaphor.

Anonymous said...

There have been some good action movies in the last years. Notably Jet Li movies though (The One, Danny the Dog/unleashed)
What I think the bigger problem is is that we dont have action hero's anymore. Arnold is old, Sly has a beer belly, Bruce is now really bald, Mel is well... he's Mel.
We are stuck in a generation of actors that dont do that kind of stuff anymore. Theyre too "pretty" or "artistic"

Tyler said...

"You're gonna be a bad motherfucker!"

Mike said...

Wow, good stuff.

One thing that bothers me is that potentially great action movie actors screw it up by also doing movies where they play tooth fairies and nannies. Yeah, Arnold was a kindergarten teacher, but there's a big difference between that and a tooth fairy. Some of the Rock's action movies really aren't that bad, there's just so much other crap that you don't bother.

Also, way too many action movies today feature a car as the main character. I don't know why they're so popular, but the guy who drives the getaway car doesn't need 10 movies a year. The only movie that ever made me walk out of a theatre was Fast and the Furious, and I even stayed for all of Jurassic Park 3.

brian said...

Terrific essay. I think it also works as one long description of 'Why I Liked Attack The Block So Much'; real characters in real peril, real violence, and real point to the whole thing.

Was just about to head out to The Raid tonight too, so hope your inclusion of it here means it's as great as it looks.

Quiche Poireau said...

Hey Mitch!
still good to read you (and am going to give my usual critic: even tho you don't wrote much those last years compare to before...) and thanks for sharing this (even tho this is not about games)

Question: Don't you think that you could wite almos the same text about shooters from before?

I mean replace the name of the movies by shooters name like "doom" , castel W. , Duke Nukem ... or even Half lif 1.
Those games were bad shooters in their own ways. Very close to the definition of our 80's action movies.
You had to run all around a level to find a switch, killing in really hard ways some hugly "baron of hell" and their gang. It was hard, challenged you skills.
When now, you still have awsome shooter games... but with with some layers removed too. Linear levels, realistic background. But nothing that will reach the level of shooters. hose will not trigger those "that s game rocks" in ,y guts.

I mean, i bought doom on all the new platform (this game was always a console title launch game till the ps2 cames out), but will not do something like this for a bioshock ( an awsome shooter, great stuff... bu with one littl thing missing from my gloious bad ass shooter from my past).

as you said maybe it s only my nostaligy, but cuting some fluffy creepy monsters with a chainsaw never been equalized nowdays ...
what do you think?